was commissioned by Sultan Mohammed ben Abdallah, who
in 1764, had the idea of creating a free commerce zone,
drawing up trade treaties with the French, Portuguese
As far back
as the VII century B.C.E the Phoenicians used the bay
of Essaouira and the islands off the city to anchor
island was the source of purpura a highly desirable
material during the Roman era, which comes from a particular
sea mollusc. In the fourteenth century the Portuguese
established themselves along the Moroccan coast.
As a consequence
of its rich histroy, Essaouira, with its 40,000 inhabitants,
is nowadays the most poliglot of Moroccan cities.
Essaouira the Atlantic winds offer unbeatable conditions
for surf lovers.
One a year
a music festival is held, internationally renowned and
which, every year, attracts greater numbers of visitors.
is car-free and luggage and merchandise are transported
using hand cart.